If you’ve ever wondered how to potted plants, you’ve come to the right place. Here, we’ll cover everything from choosing the right size and type of pot to root rot, and how much light your plants need to thrive. But before we dive into those topics, let’s first take a look at the basics. Before we begin, you’ll need to choose the correct potting mix. Potted plants need proper soil and water, and they need a good environment.
Choosing the right size pot
When choosing the right size pot for a potted plant, it is important to consider the growth habit of the plant. Plants with a smaller growth habit should be transplanted to larger pots. The ideal size for a plant is two to three inches larger than its current pot size. Plants in a pot of the same size should be moved to larger pots once they grow to a certain height.
The material used to pot a plant will affect its water and soil needs. Unglazed terra cotta pots wick moisture away from the soil faster than plastic ones, so you may want to consider using these if you are a frequent over-waterer. Pottery made of glazed clay holds moisture in the soil much longer, so they can tolerate more water. If you do over-water plants, you may want to add pumice to the soil before planting.
Choosing the right type of potting mix
Potted plants thrive in the soil that contains the essential nutrients that the plant needs to grow. When you choose the proper mix for your plants, it should be light and not compacted. The best potting soil provides adequate air and oxygen to the roots and balances water retention and aeration. It should also drain easily to avoid mold and maintain moisture in the roots. There are many ingredients in potting soil that should be taken into consideration.
Peat is a natural product that comes from decomposed plants found in bogs. Most peat is found in sphagnum moss. It is sometimes the best potting mix for acid-loving plants. However, peat is too acidic for many flowering annuals. Peat moss can be used as a potting mix for cacti and succulents. If you’re unsure about the pH level of peat moss, you can purchase a potting mix that incorporates it.
Checking for root rot
There are several symptoms of root rot, and recognizing them early will help to save the plant. Overwatering can lead to root rot. The roots can become brittle and die, and the plant’s entire structure can be affected. Overwatering is a common cause of this problem. A solution is to add pebbles to the bottom of the pot. But this method only works if you’re very careful about soil drainage.
Infection in the potting mix can cause the disease, so it’s important to check the plant’s roots for signs of infection. The best way to avoid root rot is to ensure that the soil is kept dry. Overwatering can lead to bacterial and fungal infections. Checking the soil frequently is essential to preventing root rot. To check for root rot, use a soil sample from the same area in which the plant was grown.
Choosing the right amount of light
Choosing the right amount of light for pots can be tricky. The ideal scenario is light directly above the plants. However, that may not be feasible in a small space. If your light source is just a few inches from the plant, it will not be enough to maintain health. However, a few hours of artificial lighting each day can make a world of difference. Plants will show telltale signs of too much or too little light before they are permanently damaged. Hence, it is always better to correct a problem as soon as possible.
If your plant receives too much light, consider moving it to another window with a lower amount of sunlight. If you can’t change the window position, try to move it further from the window. It may also be better to move it to a corner of the room or on the other side of the window. As long as it is not too far from the window, it will receive bright light.
Choosing a container
There are several aspects to consider when choosing a container for potted plants. The type of plant, its size, the container’s material and color all influence the amount of water that will be available for the plant. Choosing a container that is too small or large can restrict root growth, leading to root rot. A porous container will lose moisture more quickly and require more watering, but this is a good thing for plants with low water needs. For example, succulents and cacti need little water.
You may want to consider using a stand-alone plant if you have a lot of bare soil. In this case, a tall plant like a bromeliad may be appropriate. However, if you’d like to use something shady for the container, consider planting a low-key plant on the outside. Some low-maintenance varieties are lysimachias, trailing small-leafed tradescantias, dichondra, sweet potato vines, and acacia.